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How to spot a liar? Here are the warning signs!

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Lying is an act of deceiving someone by hiding or not telling the truth. Mostly, the reason why people lie is because of fear of being judged, scrutinized, and shamed.
Vanessa Van Edwards, author of the national best-selling book Captivate and founder and lead investigator of the Science of People noted that extroverts tend to tell more lies compared to introverts.
Here are the things that you should watch out for to know if someone is lying:
Change in speech patterns
Gregg McCrary, a retired FBI criminal profiler, said, you can tell if the person is not telling the whole truth if you notice an irregular speech pattern or there is an unusual change in his/her voice. He also noted that you can also observe the person's mannerisms by asking simply to more complex questions.
Use of non- congruent gestures
According to Dr. Ellen Hendriksen, a clinical psychologist at Boston University's Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, inconsistent body movement will determine if the person is lying such as saying yes but the head is shaking as if it is not. Others shrug their shoulders as a sign of discomfort.
Direction of the eyes
Eye contact is very essential in communication. In fact, there is a given perception that if a person cannot talk to you eye to eye, he/she might be hiding something, not telling the truth or can be considered as not trustworthy.
On the other hand, there is a study that debunked this idea. A study done by the University of Michigan revealed that out of 120 media clips, 70 percent of people lied while maintaining direct eye contact.
Covering the mouth or eyes
Former CIA officers shared that in their book Spy the Lie, some individuals completely close their eyes in order not to tell the truth. This gesture is said to be true as a response to a question that does not need a lot of reflection. Others cover their mouth or eyes with their hands to hide their reaction whenever they are telling a lie.
Micro-facial expressions
If there is a rise in brain activity of an individual who is lying, there is a tendency that subtle facial expressions occur. Some people will bite their lips, perspire slightly or blink rapidly. You may also notice others will have a sudden blush on the cheeks.
Not divulging much info
Typically, liars do not say much information if being asked for further details. Truth tellers, on the other hand, can give you more details even if the story was asked to narrate backwards. And, he or she can still stick to the original story. While liars generally stumble and create a different story.
Removing themselves from the story
You may also notice from their testimony that people who are lying are starting to distance themselves from the story and using third-person pronouns such as he, she and they. This is what also other linguistic cues showed in the study, that the words I, me, my or mine is being eliminated little by little.
Meanwhile, researchers from Harvard Business School noted that liars use excessive words, adding more details even if it is not necessary just to convince the people of what they are trying to say.
Lie detection machine is not totally needed but it can be of great help. In general, by keenly observing the patterns and behaviors of an individual, you can assess if he or she is telling the truth or not. But keep in mind that every person has different lying behavior. So, in order not to fall into the trap of deception and not to lose your hard-earned money, extra precaution is needed especially in dealing with other people with big transactions involved. (ERB)

Last Modified: 2021-Sep-17 18.18.54 UTC+0800